Log in


For citations and links to Colin’s papers, see: Google Scholar profile

For Plain English digests about some of our published papers, see the News archive. Here’s the full list …


Griffith, D.M., Still, C.J., Osborne, C.P. (2019) Editorial. Revisiting the biome concept with a functional lens. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, doi.org/10.3389/fevo.2019.00144. link

Lundgren, M.R., Mathers, A., Baillie, A.L., Dunn, J., Wilson, M., Hunt, L., Pajor, R., Rolfe, S., Osborne, C.P., Sturrock, C., Gray, J.E., Mooney, S., Fleming, A.J. (2019) Mesophyll porosity is modulated by the presence of functional stomata. Nature Communications, 10, 2825. link

Holland, B., Monk, N, Clayton, R., Osborne, C.P. (2019) A theoretical analysis of how plant growth is limited by carbon allocation strategies and respiration. In Silico Plants, 1, diz004. link

Dunning, L.T., Moreno-Villena, J.J., Lundgren, M.R., Dionora, J., Salazar, P., Adams, C., Nyirenda, F., Olofsson, J.K., Mapaura, A., Grundy, I.M., Kayombo, C.J., Dunning, L.A., Kentatchime, F., Ariyarathne, M., Yakandawala, D., Besnard, G., Quick, W.P., Bräutigam, A., Osborne, C.P., Christin, P.A. (2019) Key changes in gene expression identified for different stages of Cevolution in Alloteropsis semialata. Journal of Experimental Botany, 70, 3255-3268. link

Dunning, L.T., Olofsson, J.K., Parisod, Ch., Choudhury, R.R., Moreno-Villena, J.J., Yang, Y., Dionora, J.,Quick, W.P.,Park, M., Bennetzen, J.L., Besnard, G., Nosil, P., Osborne, C.P., Christin, P.-A. (2019) Lateral transfers of large DNA fragments spread functional genes among grasses. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 116, 4416-4425. link

Lundgren, M.R., Dunning, L.T., Olofsson, J.K., Moreno-Villena, J.J., Bouvier, J.W., Sage, T., Khoshravesh, R., Sultmanis, S., Stata, M., Ripley, B.S., Vorontsova, M.S., Besnard, G., Adams, C., Cuff, N., Mapaura, A., Bianconi, M., Long, C.M., Christin, P.-A., Osborne, C.P. (2019) C4 anatomy can evolve via a single developmental change. Ecology Letters, 22, 302-312. link

Pignon, C., Lundgren, M.R., Osborne, C.P., Long, S.P. (2019) Bundle sheath chloroplast volume can house sufficient Rubisco to avoid limiting Cphotosynthesis during chilling. Journal of Experimental Botany, 70, 357-365. link

Quirk, J., Bellasio, C., Johnson, D.A., Osborne, C.P., Beerling, D.J. (2019) Csavanna grasses fail to maintain assimilation in drying soil under low COcompared with Ctrees despite lower leaf water demand. Functional Ecology, 33, 388-398. link

Wallace, M., Jones, G., Charles, M., Forster, E., Stillman, E., Bonhomme, V., Livarda, A., Osborne, C.P., Rees, M., Frenck, G., Preece, C. (2019) Re-analysis of archaeobotanical remains from pre- and early agricultural sites provides no evidence for a narrowing of the wild plant food spectrum during the origins of agriculture in southwest Asia. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany, doi.org/10.1007/s00334-018-0702-y. link + New Scientist coverage (paywall)


Milla, R., Bastida, J.M., Turcotte, M.M., Jones, G., Violle, C., Osborne, C.P., Chacón-Labella, J., Sosinski Jr., Ê.E.,Kattge, J., Laughlin, D.C., Forey, E., Minden, V., Cornelissen, J.H.C., Aimaud, B., Kramer, K., Boenisch, G., He, T., Pillar, V.D., Byun, C. (2018). Phylogenetic patterns and phenotypic profiles of the species of plants and mammals farmed for food. Nature Ecology and Evolution2, 1808-1817. link + blog

Preece, C., Clamp, N., Warham, G., Charles, M., Rees, M., Jones, G., Osborne, C.P. (2018) Cereal progenitors differ in stand harvest characteristics from related wild grasses. Journal of Ecology, 106, 1286-1297. link

Burnett, A.C., Rogers, A., Rees, M., Osborne, C.P. (2018) Nutrient sink limitation constrains growth in two barley species with contrasting growth strategies. Plant Direct, 2 (11), e00094. link

Watcharamongkol, T., Christin, P.-A., Osborne, C.P. (2018) C4 photosynthesis evolved in warm climates but promoted migration to cooler ones. Ecology Letters, 21, 376-383. link + blog

Bianconi, M.E., Dunning, L.T., Moreno-Villena, J.J., Osborne, C.P., Christin, P.-A. (2018). Gene duplication and dosage effects during the early emergence of Cphotosynthesis. Journal of Experimental Botany, 69, 1967-1980. link

Moreno-Villena, J.J., Dunning, L.T., Osborne, C.P., Christin, P.-A. (2018) Highly expressed genes are preferentially co-opted for novel metabolism. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 35, 94–106. link

Osborne, C.P., Charles-Dominique, T., Stevens, N., Bond, W.J., Midgley, G., Lehmann, C.E.R. (2018) Human impacts in African savannas are mediated by plant functional traits. New Phytologist, 220, 10-24. link

Fox, D.L., Pau, S., Taylor, L., Strömberg, C.A.E., Osborne, C.P., Bradshaw., C., Conn, S., Beerling, D.J., Still, C.J. (2018) Climatic controls on Cgrassland distributions during the Neogene: a model-data comparison. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 6, 147. link

Archibald, S., Lehmann. C.E.R., Belcher, C., Bond, W., Bradstock, R., Daniau, A.L., Dexter, K., Forrestel, E., Greve, M., He, T., Higgins, S., Lamont, B., McGlinn, D., Moncreiff, G., Osborne, C.P., Pausas, J., Price, O., Ripley, B.S., Rogers, B., Schwilk, D., Simon, M., Turetsky, M., Van der Werf, G., Zanne, A. (2018) Biological and geophysical feedbacks with fire in the Earth System. Environmental Research Letters13, 033003. link

Linder, H.P., Lehmann, C.E.R., Archibald, S., Osborne, C.P., Richardson, D.M. (2018) Global grass (Poaceae) success underpinned by traits facilitating colonization, persistence and habitat transformation. Biological Reviews, 93, 1125-1144. link


Lehmeier, C., Pajor, R., Lundgren, M.R., Mathers, A., Sloan, J., Bauch, M., Mitchell, A., Bellasio, C., Green, A., Bouyer, D., Schnittger, A., Sturrock, C., Osborne, C.P., Rolfe, S., Mooney, S., Fleming, A.J. (2017) Cell density and airspace patterning in the leaf can be manipulated to increase leaf photosynthetic capacity. The Plant Journal, 92, 981–994. link

Griffith, D.M., Lehmann, C.E.R., Strömberg, C.A.E., Parr, C.L., Pennington, R.T., Sankaran, M., Ratnam, J., Still, C.J., Powell, R.L., Hanan, N.P., Nippert, J.B., Osborne, C.P., Good, S., Anderson, T.M., Holdo, R., Veldman, J.W., Durigan, G., Tomlinson, K.W., Hoffmann, W.A., Archibald, S., Bond, W.J. (2017) Comment on “The extent of forest in dryland biomes”. Science, 358, eaao1309. link

Dunning, L.T., Lundgren, M.R., Moreno-Villena, J.J., Namaganda, M., Edwards, E.J., Nosil, P., Osborne, C.P., Christin, P.-A. (2017) Introgression and repeated co-option facilitated the recurrent emergence of C4 photosynthesis among close relatives. Evolution, 71, 1541–1555. link

Kluyver, T.A., Jones, G., Pujol, B., Bennett, C., Mockford, E.J., Charles, M., Rees, M., Osborne, C.P. (2017) Unconscious selection drove seed enlargement in vegetable crops. Evolution Letters, 1, 64-72. link

Simpson, K.J., Wade, R.N., Rees M, Osborne, C.P., Hartley, S.E. (2017) Still armed after domestication? Impacts of domestication and agronomic selection on silicon defences in cereals. Functional Ecology. doi: 10.1111/1365-2435.12935 link

Preece, C., Livarda, A., Christin, P.-A., Wallace, M., Martin, G., Charles, M., Jones, G., Rees, M., Osborne, C.P. (2017) How did the domestication of Fertile Crescent grain crops increase their yields? Functional Ecology, 31, 387-397. link

Cunniff, J., Jones, G., Charles, M., Osborne, C.P. (2017) Yield responses of wild C3 and C4 crop progenitors to sub-ambient CO2: a test for the role of CO2 limitation in the origin of agriculture. Global Change Biology, 23, 380-393. link


Cunniff, J., Charles, M., Jones, G., Osborne, C.P. (2016) Reduced plant water status under sub-ambient pCO2 limits plant productivity in the wild progenitors of C3 and C4 cereals. Annals of Botany, 118, 1163-1173. link

Osborne, C.P. (2016) Crop yields: CO2 fertilization dries up. Nature Plants2, 16138. link

Burnett, A.C., Rogers, A., Rees, M., Osborne, C.P. (2016) Carbon source-sink limitations differ in two species with contrasting growth strategies. Plant, Cell and Environment, 39, 2460-2472. link

White, A., Rogers, A., Rees, M., Osborne, C.P. (2015) How can we make plants grow faster? A source-sink perspective on growth rate. Journal of Experimental Botany, 67, 31-45. link

van Bergen, E., Barlow, H.S., Brattström, O., Griffiths, H., Kodandaramaiah, U., Osborne, C.P., Brakefield, P.M. (2016) The stable isotope ecology of mycalesine butterflies: implications for plant-insect co-evolution. Functional Ecology, 30, 1936-1946. link

Nokelainen, O., Ripley, B.S., van Bergen, E., Osborne, C.P., Brakefield, P.M. (2016) Preference for C4 shade grasses increases hatchling performance in the butterfly, Bicyclus safitza. Ecology and Evolution, 6, 5246-5255. link

Olofsson J.K., Bianconi, M., Besnard, G., Dunning, L.T., Lundgren, M.R., Holota, H., Vorontsova, M.S., Teerawata, A., Muasya, M., Nosil, P., Osborne, C.P., Christin, P.-A. (2016) Genome biogeography reveals the spread of laterally acquired genes within a grass species. Molecular Ecology, 25, 6107-6123. link

Simpson, K.J., Ripley, B.S., Christin, P.-A., Belcher, C.M., Lehmann, C.E.R., Thomas, G.H., Osborne, C.P. (2016) Determinants of flammability in savanna grass species. Journal of Ecology, 104, 138-148. link

Atkinson, R.R.L., Mockford, E.J., Bennett, C., Christin, P.-A., Spriggs, E.L., Freckleton, R.P., Thompson, K., Rees, M., Osborne, C.P. (2016) C4 photosynthesis boosts growth through altered physiology, allocation and size. Nature Plants 2, 16038. link

Lundgren, M.R., Christin, P.-A., Ripley, B.S., Besnard, G., Long, C., Hattersley, P.W., Ellis, R.P., Osborne, C.P. (2016) Evolutionary implications of C3-C4 intermediates in the grass Alloteropsis semialata. Plant, Cell and Environment, 39, 1874-1885. link


Lundgren, M.R., Besnard, G., Ripley, B.S., Chatelet, D., Namaganda, M., Vorontsova, M.S., Hall, R.C., Lehmann, C.E.R., Elia, J., Osborne, C.P., Christin, P.-A. (2015) C4 photosynthesis broadens the niche within a species complex. Ecology Letters, 18, 1021-1029. link

Ripley, B.S., Visser, V., Christin, P.-A., Archibald, S., Martin, T., Osborne, C.P. (2015) Fire ecology of C3 and C4 grasses depends on evolutionary history and frequency of burning but not photosynthetic type. Ecology, 96, 2679–2691. link

Milla, R., Osborne, C.P., Turcotte, M.M., Voille, C. (2015) Plant domestication through an ecological lens. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 30, 463-469. link

Preece, C., Livarda, A., Wallace, M.P., Charles, M., Christin, P.-A., Jones, G., Rees, M., Osborne, C.P. (2015) Were Fertile Crescent crop progenitors higher yielding than other wild species that were never domesticated? New Phytologist, 207, 905-913. link

Christin, P.-A., Arakaki, M., Osborne, C.P., Edwards, E.J. (2015) Genomic enablers underlying the clustered evolutionary origins of C4 photosynthesis in angiosperms. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 32, 846-858. link

Griffith, D.M., Anderson, T.M. Osborne, C.P., Strömberg, C.A.E., Forrestel, E.J., Still, C.J. (2015) Biogeographically distinct controls on C3 and C4 grass distributions: merging community and physiological ecology. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 24, 304-313. link

Liu, H., Osborne, C.P. (2015) Water relations traits of C4 grasses depend on phylogenetic lineage, photosynthetic pathway and habitat water availability. Journal of Experimental Botany, 66, 761-773. link


Christin, P.-A., Osborne, C.P. (2014) Tansley Review. The evolutionary ecology of C4 photosynthesis. New Phytologist, dpi: 10.1111/nph.13033. link

Osborne, C.P., Salomaa, A., Kluyver, T.A., Visser, V., Kellogg, E.A., Morrone, O., Vorontsova, M.S., Clayton, W.D., Simpson, D.A. (2014) A global database of C4 photosynthesis in grasses. New Phytologist, doi: 10.1111/nph.12942 link

Lundgren, M.R., Osborne, C.P., Christin, P.-A. (2014) Deconstructing Kranz anatomy to understand C4 evolution. Journal of Experimental Botany, 65, 3357-3369 link

Bräutigam, A., Schliesky, S., Kühlahoglu, C., Osborne, C.P., Weber, A.P.M. (2014) Towards an integrative model of C4 photosynthetic subtypes – insights from comparative transcriptome analysis of NAD-ME, NADP-ME and PEP-CK C4 species. Journal of Experimental Botany, 65, 3579-3593 link

Christin, P.-A., Arakaki, M., Osborne, C.P., Bräutigam, A., Sage, R.F., Hibberd, J.M., Kelly, S., Covshoff, S., Wong, G.K.S., Edwards, E.J. (2014) Shared origins of a key enzyme during the evolution of C4 and CAM metabolism. Journal of Experimental Botany, 65, 3609-3621 link

Taylor, S.H., Ripley, B.S., Martin, T., De-Wet, L.-A., Woodward, F.I., Osborne, C.P. (2014) Physiological advantages of C4 grasses in the field: a comparative experiment demonstrating the importance of drought. Global Change Biology, 20, 1992-2003 link

Atkinson, R.L.L., Burrell, M.M., Osborne, C.P., Rose, K.R., Rees, M. (2014) The dynamics of recovery and growth: how defoliation affects stored resources. Proceedings of The Royal Society, Series B, 281, 20133355 link

Christin, P.A., Spriggs, E.A., Osborne, C.P., Strömberg, C.A.E., Edwards, E.J. (2014) Molecular dating, evolutionary rates, and the age of the grasses. Systematic Biology, 63, 153-165 link

Cunniff, J., Wilkinson, S., Charles, M., Jones, G., Rees, M., Osborne, C.P. (2014) Functional traits differ between cereal crop progenitors and other wild grasses gathered in the Neolithic Fertile Crescent. PLoS One, 9, e87586 link

Visser, V., Clayton, W.D., Simpson, D.A., Freckleton, R.P., Osborne, C.P. (2014) Mechanisms driving an unusual latitudinal diversity gradient for grasses. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 23, 61-75 link


Christin, P.-A., Boxall, S.F., Gregory, R., Edwards, E.J., Hartwell, J., Osborne, C.P. (2013) Parallel recruitment of multiple genes into C4 photosynthesis. Genome Biology and Evolution, 5, 2174-2187 link

Christin, P.-A., Osborne, C.P. (2013) The recurrent assembly of C4 photosynthesis, an evolutionary tale. Photosynthesis Research, 117, 163-175. link

Dorca-Fornell, C., Pajor, R., Lehmeier, C., Perez-Bueno, M., Bauch, M., Sloan, J., Osborne, C.P., Rolfe, S., Sturrock, C. Mooney, S., Fleming, A. (2013) Increased leaf mesophyll porosity following transient RBR silencing is revealed by microCT imaging and leads to a system-level physiological response to altered cell division pattern. The Plant Journal76, 914-929.

Kluyver, T.A., Charles, M., Jones, G., Rees, M., Osborne, C.P. (2013) Did greater burial depth increase the seed size of domesticated legumes? Journal of Experimental Botany, 64, 4101-4108 link

Osborne, C.P. (2013) Preface. Evolution of physiological processes. Journal of Experimental Botany, 64, 4021. link

Liu, M.Z., Osborne, C.P. (2013) Differential freezing resistance and photoprotection in C3 and C4 eudicots and grasses. Journal of Experimental Botany, 64, 2183-2191. link

Kluyver, T.A., Osborne, C.P. (2013) Taxonome: a software package for linking biological species data. Ecology and Evolution, 3, 1262-1265. link

Liu, M.Z., Wang, B.X., Osborne, C.P., Jiang, G.M.  (2013) Chicken farming in grassland increases environmental sustainability and economic efficiency. PLoS One, 8, e53977. link

Christin, P.-A., Osborne, C.P., Chatelet, D.S., Columbus, J.T., Besnard, G., Hodkinson, T.R., Garrison, L., Vorontsova, M., Edwards, E.J. (2013) Anatomical enablers and the evolution of C4 photosynthesis in grasses. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 110, 1381-1386. link

Ripley, B.S., Cunniff, J., Osborne, C.P. (2013) Photosynthetic acclimation and resource use by the C3 and C4 subspecies of Alloteropsis semialata in low CO2 atmospheres. Global Change Biology, 19, 900-910. link

Pajor, R., Fleming, A., Osborne, C.P., Rolfe, S.A., Sturrock, C., Mooney, S. (2013) Non-invasive visualisation and quantification of leaf anatomical structure using X-ray micro computed tomography. Journal of Experimental Botany, 64, 385-390. link


Atkinson, R.R.L., Burrell, M.M., Osborne, C.P., Rose, K., Rees, M. (2012) Non-targeted metabolomics reveals differences in root storage between fast- and slow-growing plants. New Phytologist, 196, 200-211. link

Scheiter, S., Higgins, S., Osborne, C.P., Bradshaw, C., Lunt, D., Ripley, B., Taylor, L., Beerling, D. (2012) Fire and fire-adapted vegetation promote C4 expansion in the late Miocene. New Phytologist, 195, 653-666. link

Liu, H., Edwards, E.J., Freckleton, R.P., Osborne, C.P. (2012) Phylogenetic niche conservatism in C4 grasses. Oecologia, 170, 835-845. link

Turnbull, L.A. Philipson, C., Purves, D.W., Atkinson, R.L., Cunniff, J., Goodenough, A., Hautier, Y., Marthews, T., Osborne, C.P., Paul-Victor, C., Saner, P., Rose, K.E., Taylor, S.H., Tombs, J., Woodward, F.I., Hector, A. and Rees, M. (2012) The relationship between seed size and plant growth rates. Ecology, 93, 1283-1289. link

Christin, P.A., Edwards, E.J., Besnard, G., Boxall, S.F., Gregory, R., Kellogg, E.A., Hartwell, J., Osborne, C.P. (2012) Adaptive evolution of C4 photosynthesis through recurrent lateral gene transfer. Current Biology, 22, 445-449. link and Science editors’ choice

Visser, V., Woodward, F.I., Freckleton, R.P., Osborne, C.P. (2012) Determinants of the phylogenetic structure of C4 grass communities: testing the role of environmental factors. Journal of Biogeography, 39, 232-246. link

Osborne, C.P., Sack, L. (2012) Evolution of C4 plants: a new hypothesis for an interaction of CO2 and water relations mediated by plant hydraulics. Philosophical Transactions of The Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 367, 583-600. link

Taylor, S.H., Franks, P.J., Hulme, S.P., Spriggs, E., Christin, P.A., Edwards, E.J., Woodward, F.I., Osborne, C.P. (2012) Photosynthetic pathway and ecological adaptation explain stomatal trait diversity amongst grasses. New Phytologist, 193, 387-396. link and commentary on this paper by Danielle Way

Grass Phylogeny Working Group II: Aliscioni, S., Bell, H.L., Besnard, G., Christin, P.-A., Columbus, J.T., Duvall, M.R., Edwards, E.J., Giussani, L., Hasenstab-Lehman, K., Hilu, K., Hodkinson, T.R., Ingram, A.L., Kellogg, E.A., Mashayekhi, S., Morrone, O., Osborne, C.P., Salamin, N.,  Spriggs, E., Smith, S.A., Zuloaga, F. (2012) New grass phylogeny resolves deep evolutionary relationships and discovers C4 origins. New Phytologist, 193, 304-312. link


Taylor, S.H., Ripley, B.S., Woodward, F.I., Osborne, C.P. (2011) Drought limitation of photosynthesis differs between C3 and C4 grass species in a comparative experiment. Plant, Cell and Environment, 34, 65-75. link

Frenck G., v. d. Linden L., Mikkelsen T.N., Brix H., Jørgensen R.B.. (2011) Increased [CO2] does not compensate for negative effects on yield caused by higher temperature and [O3] in Brassica napus L. European Journal of Agronomy, 35, 127-134. link

Clausen S.K., Frenck G., v. d. Linden L., Mikkelsen T.N., Lunde C., Jørgensen R.B. (2011) Effects of Single and Multifactor Treatments with Elevated Temperature, CO2 and Ozone on Oilseed Rape and Barley. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science, 197, 424-453. link

Christin, P.A., Osborne, C.P., Sage, R.F., Arakaki, M., Edwards, E.J. (2011) C4 eudicots are not younger than C4 monocots. Journal of Experimental Botany, 62, 3171-3181. link

Ingram, A.L., Christin, P.A., Osborne, C.P. (2011)Molecular phylogenies disprove an hypothesized C4 reversion in Eragrostis walteri (Poaceae: Chloridoideae). Annals of Botany, 107, 321-325. link


Edwards, E.J., Osborne, C.P., Strömberg, C.A.E.*, Smith, S.A., C4 Grasses Consortium (2010) The origins of C4 grasslands: integrating evolutionary and ecosystem science. Science, 328, 587-591. link

Christin, P.A., Freckleton, R.P., Osborne, C.P. (2010) Can phylogenetics identify C4 origins and reversals? Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 25, 403-409. link

Taylor, S.H., Hulme, S.P., Rees, M., Ripley, B.S., Woodward, F.I., Osborne, C.P. (2010) Ecophysiological traits in C3 and C4 grasses: a phylogenetically controlled screening experiment. New Phytologist, 185, 780-791. link

Cunniff, J., Charles, M., Jones, G., Osborne, C.P. (2010) Was low atmospheric CO2 a limiting factor in the origin of agriculture? Environmental Archaeology, 15, 113-123. link

Rees, M., Osborne, C.P., Woodward, F.I., Hulme, S.P., Turnbull, L.A., Taylor, S.H. (2010) Partitioning the components of RGR: how important is plant size variation? American Naturalist, 176, E152-E161. link

Ripley, B., Donald, G., Osborne, C.P., Abraham, T, Martin, T. (2010) Experimental investigation of fire ecology in the C3 and C4 subspecies of Alloteropsis semialata. Journal of Ecology, 98, 1196-1203. link

Osborne, C.P. (2010) The geologic history of C4 plants. In: C4 Photosynthesis and Related CO2 Concentrating Mechanisms (eds. Raghavendra, A.S. and Sage, R.F.).  Advances in Photosynthesis and Respiration (AIPH) Series, Springer, New York.


Osborne, C.P., Freckleton, R.P. (2009) Ecological selection pressures for C4 photosynthesis in the grasses.  Proceedings of The Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, doi:10.1098/rspb.2008.1762

Rose K.E., Atkinson R.L., Turnbull L.A., Rees M. (2009) The costs and benefits of living fast. Ecology Letters 12: 1379–1384. link

Mockford E.J. & Marshall R.C. (2009) Effects of urban noise on song and response behaviour in great tits. Proceedings of The Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 20276, 2979–2985. link

Ibrahim, D.G., Burke, T., Ripley, B.S., Osborne, C.P. (2009) A molecular phylogeny of the genus Alloteropsis (Panicoideae, Poaceae) suggests an evolutionary reversion from C4 to C3 photosynthesis.  Annals of Botany, 103, 127-136. link

Llorens, L., Osborne, C.P., Beerling, D.J. (2009) Water-use responses of ‘living fossil’ conifers to CO2 enrichment in a simulated Cretaceous polar environment.  Annals of Botany, 104, 179-188.


Cunniff, J., Osborne, C.P., Ripley, B.S., Charles, M., Jones, G. (2008) Response of wild C4 crop progenitors to sub-ambient CO2 highlights a possible role in the origin of agriculture. Global Change Biology, 14, 576-587. link

Wang G., Jiang G., Yu S., Li Y., Liu H. (2008) Invasion possibility and potential effects of Rhus typhina on beijing municipality. Journal of Integrative Plant Biology, 50, 522-530. link

Liu, M.Z., Osborne, C.P. (2008) Leaf cold-acclimation and freezing injury in C3 and C4 grasses of the Mongolian Plateau.  Journal of Experimental Botany, 15, 4161-4170.

Ibrahim, D.G., Gilbert, M.E., Ripley, B.S., Osborne, C.P. (2008) Seasonal differences in photosynthesis between the C3 and C4 subspecies of Alloteropsis semialata are offset by frost and drought.  Plant, Cell and Environment, 31, 1038-1050.

Osborne, C.P., Wythe, E.J., Ibrahim, D.G., Gilbert, M.E., Ripley, B.S. (2008) Low temperature effects on leaf physiology and survivorship in the C3 and C4 subspecies of Alloteropsis semialataJournal of Experimental Botany, 59, 1743-1754.

Ripley, B.S., Abraham, T.I., Osborne, C.P. (2008) Consequences of C4 photosynthesis for the partitioning of growth:  a test using C3 and C4 subspecies of Alloteropsis semialata under nitrogen-limitation.  Journal of Experimental Botany, 59, 1705-1714.

Osborne, C.P. (2008).  Atmosphere, ecology and evolution: what drove the Miocene expansion of C4 grasslands?  Journal of Ecology, 96, 35-45.


Ripley, B.S., Gilbert, M.E., Ibrahim, D.G., Osborne, C.P. (2007) Drought constraints on C4 photosynthesis: stomatal and metabolic limitations in C3 and C4 subspecies of Alloteropsis semialata.  Journal of Experimental Botany, 58, 1351-1363.

Beerling, D.J. Osborne, C.P. (2006) The origin of the savannah biome. Global Change Biology, 12,2023-2031.

Osborne, C.P., Beerling, D.J. (2006)  Nature’s green revolution: the remarkable evolutionary rise of C4 plants.  Philosophical Transactions of The Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 361,173-194.

Long, S.P., Ainsworth, E.A., Bernacchi, C.J., Davey, P.A., Hymus, G.J., Leakey, A.D.B., Morgan, P.B., Osborne, C.P. (2006) Long term responses of photosynthesis and stomata to elevated [CO2] in managed systems.  In: Managed Ecosystems and CO2: Case Studies, Processes and Perspectives. (eds. Nösberger, J., Long, S., Norby, R., Stitt, M., Hendrey G. and Blum H.).  Ecological Studies Series, Springer, Berlin.

Wall, G.W., Garcia, R.L., Kimball, B.A., Hunsaker, D.J., Pinter, Jr., P.J., Long, S.P., Osborne, C.P., Hendrix, D.L., Wechsung, F., Wechsung, G., Leavitt, S.W., LaMorte, R.L. & Idso, S.B. (2006) Interactive effects of elevated CO2 and drought on wheat.  Agronomy Journal, 98, 354-381.


Royer, D.L., Osborne, C.P., Beerling, D.J. (2005) Contrasting seasonal patterns of carbon gain in evergreen and deciduous trees of ancient polar forests.  Paleobiology, 31, 141-150.

Brentnall, S.J., Beerling, D.J., Osborne, C.P., Harland, M., Francis, J.E., Valdes, P.J., Wittig, V.E. (2005) Climatic and ecological determinants of leaf lifespan in polar forests of the high CO2 Cretaceous ‘greenhouse’ world.  Global Change Biology, 11, 2177-2195.

Osborne, C.P., Chaloner, W.G., Beerling, D.J. (2004)  Falling atmospheric CO2 levels – the key to megaphyll leaf evolution.  In: The Evolution of Plant Physiology (eds. Hemsley, A., Poole, I.).  Academic Press, London. 

Osborne, C.P., Beerling, D.J., Lomax, B.H., Chaloner, W.G. (2004) Biophysical constraints on the origin of leaves inferred from the fossil record.  PNAS, 101, 10360-10362.

Osborne, C.P. (2004) Modelling of plant ecology.  In: Environmental Modelling: Finding Simplicity in Complexity (eds. Wainwright J., Mulligan, M.).  John Wiley & Sons, Chichester.

Osborne, C.P., Royer, D.L., Beerling, D.J. (2004) Adaptive role of leaf habit in extinct polar forests.  International Forestry Review, 6, 181-186.


Osborne, C.P., Beerling, D.J. (2003) The penalty of a long hot summer: photosynthetic acclimation to high CO2 and continuous light in ‘living fossil’ conifers.  Plant Physiology, 133, 803-812.

Royer, D.L., Osborne, C.P., Beerling, D.J. (2003) Carbon loss by deciduous trees in a CO2-rich ancient polar environment.  Nature, 424, 60-62.

Ainsworth, E.A., Davey, P.A., Hymus, G.J., Osborne, C.P., Rogers, A., Blum, H., Nösberger, J., Long, S.P. (2003) Is stimulation of leaf photosynthesis by elevated carbon dioxide concentration maintained in the long-term? A test with Lolium perenne grown for 10 years at two nitrogen fertilization levels under Free Air CO2 Enrichment (FACE). Plant, Cell and Environment, 26, 705-714.

Osborne, C.P., Woodward, F.I. (2002)  Potential effects of rising CO2 and climatic change on Mediterranean vegetation.  In: Mediterranean Desertification: A Mosaic of Processes and Responses (eds. Brandt, J., Geeson, N., Thornes, J.B.), pp. 33-46.  John Wiley & Sons, Chichester.

Kirkby, M., Abrahart, R.J., Bathurst, J.C., Kilsby, C.G., McMahon, M.L., Osborne, C.P., Thornes, J.B., Woodward, F.I. (2002)  MEDRUSH, a basin scale physically-based model for forecasting runoff and sediment yield.  In: Mediterranean Desertification: A Mosaic of Processes and Responses (eds. Brandt, J., Geeson, N., Thornes, J.B.), pp. 203-227.  John Wiley & Sons, Chichester.

Osborne, C.P., Beerling, D.J. (2002) A process-based model of conifer forest structure and function with special emphasis on leaf lifespan.  Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 16 (4) 10.1029/2001GB001467.

Osborne, C.P., Beerling, D.J. (2002)  Sensitivity of tree growth to a high CO2 environment – consequences for interpreting the characteristics of fossil woods from ancient ‘greenhouse’ worlds.  Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 182, 15-29.

Beerling, D.J., Osborne, C.P.  (2002) Physiological ecology of Mesozoic polar forests in a high CO2 environment.  Annals of Botany, 89, 329-339.

Royer, D.L., Osborne, C.P., Beerling, D.J. (2002) High CO2 increases the freezing sensitivity of plants: implications for paleoclimatic reconstructions from fossil floras.  Geology, 30, 963-966.

Beerling, D.J., Terry, A.C., Hopwood, C., Osborne, C.P. (2002) Feeling the cold: atmospheric CO2 enrichment and the frost sensitivity of terrestrial plant foliage. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 182, 3-13.


Osborne, C.P. (2001) Scale concepts in environmental change:  ecological context;  Ecological response to environmental change;  Drought: impacts on ecosystems;  Altitudinal zonation of vegetation;  Disturbance; Extreme climatic events: impact on ecosystems.  In:  The Encyclopaedic Dictionary of Environmental Change (eds. Matthews, J.A., Coulson, M.G., Luckman, A.J., McCarroll, D., Owen, G., Perry, A.H., Shakesby, R.A., Walsh, R.P.D., Whittaker, R.J., Willis, K.J.).  Edward Arnold (Publishers) Ltd., London.

Beerling, D.J., Osborne, C.P., Chaloner, W.G. (2001) Do drought-hardened plants suffer from fever?  Trends in Plant Science, 6, 507-508.

Beerling, D.J., Osborne, C.P., Chaloner, W.G. (2001)  Evolution of leaves in land plants linked to atmospheric CO2 decline in the Late Palaeozoic era.  Nature, 410, 352-354

Osborne, C.P., Woodward, F.I.  (2001)  Biological mechanisms underlying recent increases in the NDVI of Mediterranean shrublands.  International Journal of Remote Sensing, 22, 1895-1907

Osborne, C.P., Chuine, I., Viner, D., Woodward, F.I.  (2000) Olive phenology as a sensitive indicator of future climatic warming in the Mediterranean.  Plant, Cell and Environment, 23, 701-710

Osborne, C.P., Mitchell, P.L., Sheehy, J.E., Woodward, F.I. (2000) Modelling the recent historical impacts of atmospheric CO2 and climate change on Mediterranean vegetation.  Global Change Biology, 6, 445-458

Woodward, F.I., Osborne, C.P.  (2000) The representation of root processes in models addressing the responses of vegetation to global change.  New Phytologist, 147, 223-232


Beerling, D.J., McElwain, J.C., Osborne, C.P. (1998) Stomatal responses of the ‘living fossil’ Ginkgo biloba L. to changes in atmospheric CO2 concentrations.  Journal of Experimental Botany, 49, 1603-1607

Osborne, C.P., LaRoche, J., Garcia, R.L., Kimball, B.A., Wall., G.W., Pinter, P.J. Jr., LaMorte, R.L., Hendrey, G.R., Long, S.P. (1998)  Does leaf position within a canopy affect acclimation of photosynthesis to elevated CO2?  Analysis of a wheat crop under Free-Air CO2 Enrichment.  Plant Physiology, 117, 1037-1045

Garcia, R.L., Long, S.P., Wall, G.W., Osborne, C.P., Kimball, B.A., Nie, G.-Y., Pinter, P.J. Jr., LaMorte, R.L., Wechsung, F. (1998) Photosynthesis and stomatal conductance of spring wheat leaves: field response to continuous Free-Air Atmospheric CO2 Enrichment.  Plant, Cell and Environment, 21, 659-669

Osborne, C.P., Drake, B.G., LaRoche, J., Long, S.P. (1997)  Does long-term elevation of CO2 concentration increase photosynthesis in forest floor vegetation?  Indian Strawberry in a Maryland forest.  Plant Physiology, 114, 337-344

Long, S.P., Osborne, C.P., Humphries, S.W. (1996)  Photosynthesis, rising atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration and climate change.  In: Global Change:  Effects on Coniferous Forests and Grasslands (eds. Breymeyer, A.I., Hall, D.O., Melillo, J.M., Ågren, G.I.), pp. 121-159.  John Wiley & Sons, Chichester

Osborne, C.P., Long, S.P., Garcia, R.L., Wall., G.W., Kimball, B.A., Pinter, P.J., LaMorte, R.L., Hendrey, G.R.  (1995)  Do shade and elevated CO2 concentration have an interactive effect on photosynthesis?  In: Photosynthesis: From Light to Biosphere, vol. V (ed. Mathis, P.), pp. 929-932.  Kluwer, Dordrecht

Long, S.P., Farage, P.K., Nie, G.-Y., Osborne, C.P.  (1995)  Photosynthesis and rising CO2 concentration.  In: Photosynthesis: From Light to Biosphere, vol. V (ed. Mathis, P.), pp. 729-736.  Kluwer, Dordrecht

Sonesson, M., Osborne, C., Sandberg, G.  (1994)  Epiphytic lichens as indicators of snow depth.  Arctic and Alpine Research, 26, 159-165